The parties to the Paris Agreement have agreed to update their 2030 targets, based on the latest findings on the rest of the global CO2 budget. A special report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on keeping warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius, which ended in 2018, showed that the climate targets that countries believe they are able to achieve are insufficient to curb global warming (see “Climate Commitments”). The withdrawal of the United States did not violate the treaty; 55 countries, which account for 55% of global emissions, occur. Today, even without the world`s second largest emitter of carbon dioxide, the treaty has 188 countries that account for 79% of emissions. Nevertheless, Trump`s actions have sent a disturbing message to the world: the United States does not care about the dangers of climate change and will not work with other countries to reduce together the amount of heating gas released into the atmosphere. WASHINGTON – Goodbye, Paris Agreement. Since Wednesday, the United States has officially withdrawn from the global climate agreement, in accordance with United Nations rules. Here`s a look at how it happened, what it means and what might happen next. Right now, the country is not on track to meet these goals.
Not only has the Trump administration rejected the Paris agreement, but it has also actively dismantled many government environmental programs, including those aimed at combating climate change. “The problem was already urgent in time, but in recent years have increased the urgency,” says Sarah Lester, a marine scientist at Florida State University who studies the impact of climate change on fisheries. “It`s a really big threat and something we need to take seriously. The United States really should be the world leaders. As the United States faces forest fires and storms, climate change remains one of the most divisive issues among voters. However, despite its significant efforts, it has so far played only a minor role in the upcoming elections. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2016, includes 189 nations (including the United States) that have agreed to keep global temperatures above 2 degrees Celsius or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit above pre-industrial levels. One study at a time highlighted the dangers of a warming world, including increased risk of drought, loss of biodiversity and rising sea levels. To achieve this goal, each signatory must submit national plans, known as national fixed contributions (JDNs), every five years to limit emissions. They must also report regularly on their climate change measures and whether they are on track to meet their NDCS. The United States, which has contributed 25% of all man-made greenhouse gases since 1751, has committed to reducing its emissions by 26 to 28 percent of its 2005 level by 2025.
No country was able to denounce the withdrawal of the agreement before the expiry of a three-year period from the date of ratification. Several tech executives – including Google CEO Sundar Pichai, Microsoft president and legal director Brad Smith, Apple CEO Tim Cook, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and General Electric CEO Jeff Immelt – condemned the decision.   Microsoft`s Satya Nadella stated that Microsoft believes that “climate change is an urgent issue that requires global action.” Google`s Sundar Pichai tweeted: “Disappointed with today`s decision. Google will continue to work hard for a cleaner and more prosperous future for all. Facebook`s Mark Zuckerberg said: “The exit from the Paris climate agreement is bad for the environment, bad for the economy and threatening the future of our children. Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein called Trump`s decision “a setback for the environment and for the U.S. leadership in the world.”  Jeff Immelt, CEO of General Electric, said that “climate change is real.”  INDCs become NDCs – nationally determined contributions