The Mexican Ministry of Economy stresses that the achievements of the T-MEC agreement include the maintenance of free trade for all goods originating; Introducing new disciplines for the trade in recycled products; Modernizing certification systems and verification procedures; facilitate and streamline customs and customs exchanges and transparency of administrative procedures; Establishing coordination obligations between agencies responding to border crossings; and the inclusion of elements relating to copyright, trademarks, geographic indications, patents, undisclosed data protection, commercial designs, trade secrets, the Internet service provider restriction system and enforcement rules. Nevertheless, many officials and trade experts say that the USMCA`s greatest strength is its “modernization chapters,” which are in part an update on how the Internet has changed trade since NAFTA began in 1994. The main objective of the U.S. government for the SPS chapter was to strengthen the scientific basis for SPS measures. This unique objective promotes both public health and trade and is reflected in the provisions of the SPS chapter as a whole. However, this objective is most directly achieved in the SPS section of risk and science analysis, which requires, for example, parties to withdraw actions that are no longer supported by scientific evidence or risk principles, and to document and provide the opportunity to comment on risk analyses and risk management decisions prior to implementation by the parties. These obligations provide the FDA with the opportunity to work with Canadian and Mexican regulators on scientific and technical issues to ensure the protection of public health while facilitating trade. At the same time, these obligations will not require the FDA to change its current regulatory approach. The Chapter on Technical Barriers to Trade (CTA) is an important assessment of NAFTA. It includes standards, technical regulations and compliance assessment procedures (product evaluation to ensure they meet requirements) that may affect exchanges between the parties. Sectoral chapters, including Chapter 12, on FDA-regulated products have not been considered in most previous trade agreements, including NAFTA. Therefore, the inclusion of these annexes by the USMCA is an innovation not only in U.S.
trade policy, but also for international public health. Before work, here`s some background. The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the multilateral organization that has established the basic rules of trade among its 164 member states, including the United States. Within the WTO, there are two non-tariff agreements that directly affect FDA regulators: the Agreement on the Application of Health and Plant Health Measures (SPS), which includes food and animal safety measures essential to the protection of human and animal health, and the agreement on technical barriers to trade or the CTA, which covers the technical rules necessary to ensure compliance with FDA requirements (and packaging). transparency, normative measures and compliance assessment.